- Scientific name: Annona Squamosa
- Family: Annona family
- Origin: West Indies
- Other name: sweetsop, custard apple, atis, anon, pomme canella
- Varieties: About ten, varying in size, shape, though similar in flavor
- Tree: height: 3-6m
- Fruit: diameter: 6-10cm; weight 100-150gm
- Season: almost all year round
- Uses: fruit usually eaten as fresh, used to make beverages and for medicinal purposes
Sugar Apple is juicy and creamy fruit, it has a white pulp that contain up to 40 black seeds. The exterior is rough, knobbly, grayish-green. The best way of eating this delicious fruit is to split open the fruit, scoop a spoonful of pulp into the mouth, enjoy the fleshy segments while separating the hard seeds in the mouth and spitting them out.
Sugar Apple pulp contains no sodium they are high in carbohydrates and rich in calcium, vitamin C and phosphorus, and with a sugar content of about 50-50 (glucose and sucrose). This fruit is also considered as a good tonic in Ayurveda. It enriches blood and is known to increase muscular strength.
Sugar Apple seeds: Seeds contain alkaloid, neutral resin, fixed oil and irritant poison which kill lice.
- The mashed, ripe fruit, mixed with salt, is applied on tumors.
- Unripe fruit is also taken in for diarrhea and dysentery.
- Decoction of unripe fruit used as wound wash.
- Pulp juice taken to expel intestinal worms.
- Crushed fresh leaves can be placed near nostril of persons having fainting fits.
- Decoction of the leaves and/or root is taken in cases of dysentery.
- Decoction of the leaves is good to cure diabetes.
- Decoction of the leaves is used to clarify urine.
- Decoction of the leaves is employed in baths to alleviate rheumatic pain.
- Decoction of the leaves is used to aid digestive problem, and to treat colds.
- The leaves are applied to abscesses and open wounds and used to cure skin itches.
- The leaves served as a purgative.
- Crushed seeds mixed with coconut oil and apply on scalp to get rid of lice.
- Bark decoction is used to stop diarrhea.
Nutrition per 100 g:
- Ascorbic Acid: 34.7-42.2 mg
- Carotene: 5-7 I.U.
- Phosphorus: 23.6-55.3 mg
- Calcium: 19.4-44.7 mg
- Iron: 0.28-1.34 mg
- Thiamine: 0.100-0.13 mg
- Riboflavin: 0.113-0.167 mg
- Niacin: 0.654-0.931 mg
- Calories: 88.9-95.7 g
- Fat: 0.26-1.10 g
- Carbohydrates: 19.16-25.19 g
- Protein: 1.53-2.38 g
Side Effects: The roots of the sugar apple tree are powerful enough to induce abortions.