Botanical Name: Citrus aurantium
Edible Part: Flesh and juice of fruit. Peel used in small quantities as flavoring.
Orange Fruit Health Benefits:
- Drinking orange juice regularly can help cure addiction to alcoholic drinks.
- When consumed in large quantities (about 3 medium-size a day) can help decrease the outpouring of mucus secretions from the nose.
- Oranges also contain rutin, hespetidin, and other bioflavonoids, plant pigments that may help prevent or retard tumor growth.
- It is not only rich in vitamin C, but is also a good source of calcium. A medium size orange gives you as much calcium as an ounce of Brie cheese, though it has 30 fewer calories.
- Rich in vitamin C which can help protect sperm from genetic damage that may cause birth defect. One orange supplies nearly 100 percent of the recommended daily dietary intake of vitamin C.
- When consumed regularly can help retard the development of hardening of the arteries.
- Help stimulate the digestive juices, relieving constipation.
- The juice can help prevent kidney stone. Drinking orange juice daily can significantly drop the risk of formation of calcium oxalate stones in the kidney.
Orange Fruit Nutrient Content: Per 100 gm.
- Vitamin A: 190 I.U.
- Vitamin B: thiamine .08 mg.; Riboflavin .3 mg.; Niacin . 2 mg.
- Vitamin C: 49 mg.
- Calcium: 33 mg.
- Iron: .4 mg.
- Phosphorus: 23 mg.
- Potassium: 300 mg.
- Fat: .2 gm.
- Carbohydrates: 11.2 gm.
- Protein: .9 gm
- Calories: .45 gm.
Orange Peel Benefits:
- An appetite-stimulant.
- Orange-peel tea is good for digestive disorders and gastric juice deficiency.
- Good for skin tone, it can help lighten and tighten your skin. Just put boiling water on the orange peels and let it remain there for the whole day. Place the liquid in a spray bottle and spray it to your face and body after bath.
- Rubbing fresh orange peel on your skin can repel mosquitoes.
Orange Fruit Varieties: There are different varieties of oranges; sweet, bitter and sour. You need to know the variety you’re buying. The sweet variety is usually more fragrant and ideal for making fruit juices.
- Valencia orange is the most common variety in the USA, it is used for eating and juicing.
- Hamlin orange is seedless and pulpy; they are used mainly for juicing.
- Jaffa orange is slightly sweeter than Valencia. They are imported from Israel.
- Maltese, or blood oranges are sweet, deep red orange in color, they originate from Italy.
- Navel orange is sweet and seedless and is the second most common type in the USA.
- Seville orange is sour, they are used mostly for marmalade.
- Temple oranges are very sweet, juicy, and full of seeds, and are a cross between tangerines and oranges.