Onion is being used for centuries not just to add flavor to foods but also for its therapeutic properties.
Onion Family: Onion belongs to the lily family. It is often called the “king of vegetables” because of its pungent taste.
Types of Onions:
- Spring onion has a mild flavor and whose green tops and bulbs are eaten.
- Globe onion has a more pungent flavor that is ideal for cooking, because they become milder and sweeter upon heating.
Onion Nutrient Content: Per 100 gm.
- Vitamin A: 50 I.U.
- Vitamin C: 9 mg.
- Calcium: 32 mg.
- Phosphorus: 44 mg.
- Potassium: 300 mg.
- Carbohydrates: 10.3 gm.
- Protein: 1.4 mg.
- Calories: 45
Onion Health Benefits:
- Onion helps to increase the HDL cholesterol (beneficial cholesterol) in the blood, especially when they are eaten raw. Onion also help to decrease the bad cholesterol or LDL in the blood; they also help dissolve blood clots.
- Syrup made from onions and honey is an old cough remedy. Onion juice helps loosen phlegm and prevent its further formation; because of this Onion is one of the best natural remedy for cold, cough, bronchitis and influenza.
- Onion juice dripped on cotton wool and put into the ear is a popular Russian remedy for ringing sound in the ears and earache.
- Onion is rich in sulfur which is valuable for the hair, and nails.
- Onion juice is an excellent remedy for epilepsy.
- Onion can help reduce elevated blood sugar-levels.
- Onion is known for its diuretic properties.
- Onion juice therapy is by far the most effective and inexpensive treatment for fighting cancer.
- Onion is helpful in protecting against bacterial, fungal, worm infections and infections of the urinary tract, such as cystitis.
- Onion can help reduce macular degeneration, an ailment that can cause blindness among older people.
Spring Onion Health Benefits: The green tops are a good source of vitamin C and beta carotene.
External Uses of Onion:
- Some people mixed vinegar with onion juice and apply it in their freckles, it is believed that it can remove/reduce this skin problems.
- Regular application of onion juice can help remove warts.
Buying Tips: Choose firm, small, necked onions with crisp outer skins. Avoid those which are already sprouting or have signs of decay, wilting or discolored tops. They should have a mild odor.
Storage tips: Globe onions should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct light, which can give them a bitter taste. They should not be stored near potatoes, which give off moisture and a gas that causes onions to spoil more quickly.
Important thing to know about Onion:
- Scallions – often called spring or green onions – contain even more vitamin C than white or yellow onions. The green kinds are also high in folate, which is one of the essential nutrients. The small onions called shallots are very rich in vitamin A.
- Raw onions contain higher amounts of the disease-fighting chemicals, but cooked onions are also healthful.
- To maintain good health, try to eat the equivalent of ½ to 1 cup of chopped onions every day.
- The smaller the onions, the more pungent they are. They are the ones that makes you teary eyed when you cut them
- To prevent tears when cutting onions, chill the onions for about an hour before peeling.
- To prevent oxidization, cut onions should be stored in an air-tight container. Use within one or two days.
Onion Side Effects: Onion breath. Eating a sprig of parsley with your meal can help prevent bad breath that’s associated with eating onion.