Botanical Name: Artocarpus heterophyllus
Jackfruit is a large fruit that weighs 3 to 30kg; it measures 10cm to 60cm in length, and 25 to 75cm in diameter. Its shape is oblong. The fruit is green-yellow in color with custard yellow flesh and a banana-like aroma and taste. Leaves are deep green and glossy in color. When in season, each tree bears as many as 250 large fruits.
Seeds: Jackfruit contains about 100 to 500 edible seeds. The size is 2 to 4cm long and 1 to 3cm thick; it has a bland nutty taste.
Uses of Jackfruit Seeds: Ripe Jackfruit can be eaten fresh; it can also be processed into different types of food products like jelly, chips, ice cream, candies, beverages etc. The unripe jackfruit is often consumed as vegetable dish in Asian countries. The seeds can also be boiled or roasted for consumption.
Jackfruit Health Benefits:
- Good source of iron which can help prevent anemia and improves blood circulation in the body.
- Beneficial in maintaining a healthy thyroid because it contains micro minerals and copper that helps in proper functioning of the thyroid.
- Can help prevent cancer because it removes the cancer causing free radicals from the body and slows down degeneration of cells to prevent degenerative diseases.
- Aids in healing indigestion as well as ulcers.
- High in fiber which helps prevent constipation and colon cancer.
- Rich in vitamin A which is beneficial in the eye and skin health. It can also prevent vision-related problems like macular degeneration and night blindness.
- Rich source of potassium which helps reduce chances of heart diseases as it lowers the blood pressure.
- Good energy food because it is rich in carbohydrates – with only a small amount of fat.
- Helps increase the sperm count.
Jackfruit Nutrition: Per 100 gm.
- Vitamin B Thiamine .03 mg.; Niacin .4 mg.
- Vitamin C: .8 mg.
- Fat: .3 gm.
- Carbohydrates: 25.4 gm.
- Protein: 1.3 gm.
- Calories: 98
Medicinal Benefits of the Different Parts of Jackfruit Tree:
- Latex – Almost all the parts of the tree gives white sticky latex like juice when injured. Jackfruit latex when mixed with vinegar can help treat glandular swelling, snakebites and abscesses.
- Leaves – The leaves when made into a tea can help cure fever, skin diseases and boils. They can also be heated and applied directly to the wounded area to get quick relief.
- Seeds – The roasted seeds are sometimes used as an aphrodisiac.
- Root – The root of jackfruit is an effective remedy for diarrhea, fever, and skin diseases. The root is also a good remedy for people suffering from asthma. Just boil 1/4 cup of chopped root to 3 cups of water to extract the medicinal properties of the root. Strain and drink
Jackfruit Varieties: There are two varieties of jackfruits – one variety is soft, fibrous and sweet in taste while the other variety is crunchy, crisp and not that sweet in taste.
- Individuals who are allergic to birch pollen may experience allergic reaction when consuming jackfruit.
- Excess intake of jackfruit can increase blood coagulation.