Botanical Name: Psidium Guavaja
Guava is very common fruit in Asian countries. The fruits are available in round, oval or pear shaped, it ranges from the size of a large cherry to that of a pear or apple, the fruit is dark green and hard when unripe and becomes soft to touch when ripe; the color also changes from dark green to a little yellowish green or with a tinge of pink. Most contain lots of small seeds but there are also seedless guavas.
Uses: Guava is consumed as fresh fruit; you can also make it into guava juice, guava sauce, seasoning for food, guava jam, chutney and pickle.
Guava Health Benefits:
- Guavas are alkaline in nature and possess anti-bacterial and disinfectant properties.
- Unripe guava fruit when eaten can help to control diarrhea, vomiting and to expel intestinal worms.
- Contains rich amount of dietary fiber; this is beneficial in cleaning the intestine, aiding digestion and lessening the risk of developing colon cancer.
- Fresh guava juice is very helpful in providing relief in cough and cold. This is because it helps to loosen cough, reduce mucus, disinfects the entire respiratory tract, lungs and throat.
- Can help reduce blood cholesterol and help prevent the thickening of blood, thus reducing blood pressure. A study shows that people who ate five to nine guavas a day for three months reduced their cholesterol levels by 10 percent, triglycerides by 8 percent and blood pressure by 9.0/8.0 mm Hg, while boosting their “good” cholesterol (HDL) by 8 percent.
- The juice is beneficial for men because it helps in maintaining a healthy prostate; it also increases sperm production when consume on regular basis.
- Can help improve the texture and health of the skin. This is because guava has an astringent property (especially immature guava) which helps tighten loose and saggy skin.
- Rich source of vitamin C, which stimulates production of collagen and is involved in the building and health of cartilage, joints, skin, and blood vessels.
- The juice helps with dengue fever and malaria because it helps to purify and nourish the blood.
Guava Nutrition: Per 100 gm.
- Vitamin A: 250 I.U.
- Vitamin B: Thiamine .07 mg.; Riboflavin .04 mg.; Niacin: 1.2 mg.
- Vitamin C: 302 mg.
- Calcium: 30 mg.
- Iron: .7 mg.
- Phosphorus: 29 mg.
- Fat: .6 gm.
- Carbohydrates: 17.1 gm.
- Protein: 1.0 gm.
- Calories: 70
Medicinal Uses of Guava Leaves: Guava leaves are high in antioxidants which can repair the cells that are damaged by oxidants.
- The tea is very helpful in giving relief in cough and cold by loosening cough, reducing mucus, disinfecting the respiratory tract, throat and lungs.
- Fresh leaves when washed and chewed (chew but do not swallow) can help give relief from toothache. The tea when use as mouthwash can also help tighten the gums.
- Fresh leaf tea can help women who have a problem with prolonged menstruation and heavy vaginal discharge – can even help cure yeast infection.
- The leaves has strong antibacterial property that is why it is very effective when used as a disinfectant and to heal wounds when applied externally.
- The tea increases the digestive enzymes production and also prevents vomiting.
- The tea is effective in aiding weight loss by stopping the conversion of starch to sugars.
- The tea has anti-allergic property and therefore helps in preventing histamine release.
- Can help relieve the pain from arthritis, sore or local inflammation. Just apply the paste made from the leaves to the affected area.
- Fresh guava leaves when applied to newly circumcised penis can help prevent infection and can hasten the drying of wound.
- The tea when used as wash in swelling of the middle ear or outer ear can help relieve swelling and infection.
How to Make Guava Leaf Tea:
- 12 pieces of young guava leaves
- 4 cups of water
Preparation: Pour 4 cups of water in the pan together with the guava leaves. Simmer for 5 minutes. Drink 2-3 cups times a day if you have any infection or you just want a daily dose of antioxidant.
Leaf Tea Dosage for Diarrhea and Stomach ache:
- For adults: 6 tablespoons
- For children: (7-12 years): 3 tablespoons; (2-6 years): 1 ½ tablespoon
Take every 2 or 3 hours.
Medicinal Benefit of Guava Flower Bud: Guava flower bud tea is used for washing wound and skin ulcers.
Note: The skin of guava contains more than 5 times Vitamin C than that of an orange.