Varieties of Grapes: There are between 6,000 and 8,000 varieties of grapes that have been named and described but only 40 to 50 varieties are important commercially. These varieties range in color from green and white to red and purple.
- Emperor grapes are the favorite variety during the Thanksgiving and Christmas celebration. These grapes are large, long, and full-bodied. The flesh is light red to reddish-purple, seeded, neutral in flavor.
- Thompson seedless grapes are grown in California by Mr. William Thompson. These grapes are large, and full-bodied; the fruit is medium-sized, and ellipsoidal. The color is greenish-white to light golden. They are seedless, firm and tender, and are very sweet when fully ripened.
- Concord grape is the principal juice grape. It is blue-black in color, medium sized, and tough-skinned. It is also used as a table grape.
Classification: There are four classes of grapes: wine grapes, table grapes, raisin grapes, and sweet (unfermented) juice grapes. The big grape producing states, in addition to California, are New York, Michigan, and Washington.
Health Benefits of Grape juice:
- Grape juice is a quick source of energy that is why it is called “nectar of god”.
- Grape is an alkaline fruit which helps greatly in eliminating the acid from the system, thus benefiting the kidneys and liver.
- Grape juice is considered as a natural remedy for gout, a degenerative disease that is caused by too much acid in the body.
- Grape juice is very good for curing migraine. To get the best benefit drink it early in the morning.
- Grapes contain tannin which is a very powerful killers of disease-causing viruses; it is effective against poliovirus, herpes simplex and reovirus (an apparent cause of meningitis, mild fever and diarrhea).
- Red grapes can help boost your good cholesterol (HDL cholesterol) and prevent blood platelets from clumping together and forming a deadly blood clot. Research showed that a glass of red wine with evening meal is beneficial in controlling hypertension and lowering the risk of heart attack.
- Grapes are good for the lung health. Study showed a glass of red wine daily reduces the chance of lung cancer.
- Grapes are beneficial for those recuperating from an illness, and those who have anemia (because it is a good source of iron, a blood builder) and fatigue. In fact, during Mahatma Gandhi’s long fasts, he would drink grape juice to keep his strength up.
- Grapes can help prevent cataract. Flavanoids present in the grapes fight the damage caused by free radicals such as cataract.
- Grape juice is effective in improving the skin overall appearance.
- A one-day-a-week grape diet is beneficial if you want to detoxify your system. The therapeutic value of grapes is said to be due to high magnesium content. Magnesium is an element that is needed for good bowel movements.
- Crushed grapes are beneficial as a pack on a tumor growth. Any infected area will improve after a grape pack is applied. It can be placed on the area of disturbance for a period of three to four days.
Nutrient Content of Grapes: Per 100 gm.
- Vitamin A: 80 I.U.
- Vitamin B: Thiamine .06 mg.; Riboflavin .04 mg.; Niacin .2 mg.
- Vitamin C: 4 mg.
- Calcium: 17 gm.
- Iron: .6 mg.
- Phosphorus: 21 mg.
- Fat: 1.4 gm.
- Carbohydrates: 14.9 gm.
- Protein: 1.4 gm.
- Calories: 70
Health Benefits of Grapeseed Extract:
- Grapeseed is a source of high concentration of Resveratrol, an antioxidant that can protect the skin cells from damage.
- GE can enhance the production of collagen and elastin which is important for strong and healthy looking skin. Therefore taking Grapeseed supplements daily may help reduce the appearance of wrinkles, stretch marks, and saggy skin.
- GE may suppress the development of different types of cancers and may induce apoptosis – a process that triggers the self-destruction and elimination of damaged cells.
- GE can help improve joint flexibility.
- GE can help strengthen the blood vessels. Strong blood vessel can help prevent leg cramps, varicose veins, numbness of the legs and arms.
- GE can help improve symptoms of minor eyestrain.
- GE can help reduce the pain and inflammation associated with chronic pancreatitis.
- GE showed to have a marked lightening effect on the skin. Studies also showed that grape-seed extract may help skin wounds heal faster and with less scarring.
- GE can help reduce the appearance of cellulite.
- GE may help with liver damage and other side effects caused by chemotherapy medication.
Grapeseed Oil Benefits: Grapeseed oil is a light flavored oil, extracted by cold-pressing the grapeseeds, after they have been used to make wine.
- GO contains a high amount of linoleic acid, a fatty acid essential for the health of the skin and cell membranes; that is why it is used in many skincare products.
- GO can help in reducing varicose veins. To get the benefit, after every bath massage your legs using this oil.
- GO can help prevent sunburn and reduce the appearance of age spots.
- GO has an astringent property that can tighten the skin; it is therefore beneficial preventing saggy skin.
Culinary Uses of Grapeseed Oil: Grapeseed oil has a high smoke point that is why it is widely used in cooking. Grapeseed oil is used in baking, frying, salad dressings, marinades and sauces. It can also be used as an ingredient in making mayonnaise.
- Since grapes are sprayed in the farms, be sure to wash them carefully in running water before eating.
- Experts believe that the red and black varieties of grapes are more beneficial than the white and green varieties.
- When buying grape juice it is best to buy the concord juice and be sure it is unsweetened.
- Though grapeseed extract is considered safe, it is always advised to consult a physician before taking grapeseed extract when on any medication.
- Grape skins and seeds are high in fiber, but sometimes are irritating in conditions of colitis and ulcers, so they should not be eaten by persons who have these conditions.
- Avoid eating grapes if you have blood sugar problem.