Botanical Name: Persea Americana
Other Name: Alligator Pear, Pear Butter
Avocado has a color that is deep olive green and the flesh has a rich buttery flavor and smooth texture.
Avocado Varieties: The fruit is primarily pear-shaped, but some varieties are almost round. They may also range in color from dark green to almost black and from yellow to crimson. They weigh from 1 ounce to up to 4 pounds each.
Is Avocado a vegetable or a fruit? Although it is often mistaken for a vegetable, the avocado is a fruit.
Uses: Avocados are used not only in salads and the popular guacamole, but also in breads, desserts, main dishes, and in shampoo, hair treatment, soap, facial creams and body lotion.
- Beneficial for malnutrition because it contains plenty of vitamins and minerals.
- Beneficial for inflamed conditions of the mucous membranes, particularly the stomach, mouth, small intestines and colon.
- Beneficial in treating Male impotency because of its richness of nutrients.
- Avocados have more protein than any other fruit – approximately 2g in a 4-ounce serving.
- Avocado has more potassium than bananas, and the highest fiber content of any fruit.
- Avocado has the highest content of lutein (an antioxidant also present in eggs which is beneficial in preventing age related eye problems like cataract and macular degeneration) among commonly eaten fruits.
- When taken regularly (at least 3x a week) seems to trigger DNA into producing soluble collagen, which promotes skin strength and resilience, guarding it against degeneration and ageing.
- Avocado doubles the production of glutathione S-transferase, an enzyme that speeds the rate at which the liver removes fat-trapping toxins from the body.
- Contains a dose of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA’s). A diet rich in this fatty acids can help women lose more abdominal fat than those on a low-fat meal plan.
- Can inhibit the growth of prostate cancer.
- Rich in magnesium, a mineral that the muscles needs to function properly.
- Rich in folate and choline. Folate assists in the proper functioning of the brain and central nervous system. The high levels of folate in avocado are also protective against strokes. People who eat diets rich in folate have a much lower risk of stroke than those who don’t. Choline helps in minimizing excess fat in the liver.
- Can lower bad cholesterol (LDL cholesterol) and increase good cholesterol (HDL cholesterol. Study by researchers at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social in Mexico (Archives of Medical Research, Winter 1996) that looked at the health benefits of daily avocado consumption. The 45 volunteers who ate avocados every day for a week experienced an average 17% drop in total blood cholesterol.
Avocado Nutrients Content: Per 100gm.
- Vitamin A: 290 I.U.
- Vitamin B: Thiamine 290mg.; Riboflavin .13mg.; Niacin 1.1mg
- Vitamin C: 16mg.
- Calcium: 10mg.
- Iron: .6mg.
- Phosphorus: 38mg.
- Fat: 26.4 gm.
- Carbohydrates: 5.1gm.
- Protein: 1.7gm.
- Calories: 245
Source: Avocado oil is one of the few plant based oil (along with olive oil) that is pressed from the fruit of the avocado flesh and not from the seeds or nuts.
Nutrient Content of Avocado Oil: Vitamin A, E D, and Omega-3
Avocado oil for Cooking:
- Can withstand extreme cooking temperatures better than other cooking oils.
- Ideal for cooking because it has a light taste and therefore blends well with other foods.
Avocado Oil for Skin:
- Deeply penetrating and therefore has outstanding regenerative properties.
- Benefits aging skin because it increases collagen production and thereby reduces the skin ageing process.
- Rich is lecithin, a fatty acid that helps keep the skin soft and moisturized.
- Effective in relieving the dryness and itching associated with skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema. It is also effective in accelerating the healing process in small cuts and bruises.
- Natural sunscreen because it blocks the rays of the sun and therefore protects the skin from the damaging heat of the sun.
Avocado Oil for Hair: Avocado oil is recommended for different hair related problems like dandruff, thinning hair, and hair fall. Mix the olive oil and avocado oil together and heat it gently. Then, using your finger tips massaged it into your scalp and hair for 10mins. Individuals who have an oily scalp should use this mixture only on the hair. Leave this overnight. Shampoo and condition the next day.
Uses of Avocado Leaves: Avocado leaves, both fresh and dried are used for wrapping tamales, or seasoning for barbecues and stews. Some also use avocado leaves for medicinal purposes. Dried leaves will keep for several months in a tightly-closed container.
- The avocado should be used sparingly. It contains approximately 200 calories in a 4-ounce serving and it has more fat and calories than any other fruit.
- Unlike most fruits, avocados start to ripen only after being cut from the tree. In fact, the mature fruit can be left on the tree for six months without spoiling. Once picked, however; a green avocado will ripen in a few days.