Other Name: Pus
What is Abscess? Abscess is a tender inflamed tissue surrounded by a colored area from pink to deep red, the center of the abscess is full of pus and debris. Abscess can appear in any part of the body. The size of the abscess is determined by the number and virulence of the bacteria and also by the resistance of the host.
Pus consists of living and dead bacteria, parts of destroyed tissue, some white cells, and fluid given off from cells.
When an abscess occurs certain white cells are mobilized to eliminate the dead cells and bacteria by a process known as phagocytosis. Other cells combine with newly formed capillaries and other elements to form a wall to delimit the abscess.
- Abscesses are caused by pus forming (pyogenic) bacteria which includes; staphylococci, gonococci, and meningococci.
- It can also be caused by obstruction of sweat glands and inflammation of hair follicles.
- Amoeba (single-celled protozoal parasites) is an important cause of liver abscesses. Infection reaches the organ by penetrating the tissues via infected wound.
- Swelling – happen because of the accumulation of fluid, serum and other substances given off by the cells.
- Pain- is caused by an increased tension that exerts pressure on local sensory nerve.
- Heat and Redness – on the site of the abscess are due to engorgement of blood vessels
- Sweating, Fever and feeling of discomfort
- Antimicrobial drug to combat infection.
- Natural antibiotic like garlic and bee propolis.
- Decoction of guava leaves – can be consume as tea or apply directly to abscess a couple times a day.
- Coconut oil when applied to small and large abscesses can help it to heal faster.
- Aloe vera gel has antibiotic property which is proven to stop the destructive action of many bacteria such as salmonella and staphylococcus that produce pus. Aloe is excellent in eliminating bacteria as well as preventing infection.
Types of Internal Abscesses:
- Brain abscess – are caused by different types of bacteria carried from an original site of infection in the ear, nasal passages, lung, or heart. Majority of brain abscesses originate from middle ear infections and occur in the area of the cerebellum or any part of the brain.
- Tonsil abscess – abscesses around the tonsil are caused by complication of streptococcal tonsillitis. It may produce pus that spreads to form another abscess behind the pharynx (retropharyngeal abscess).
- Lung abscess – is usually caused by the release of a strong burst of infected material. It may result from an infected blood clot or from some types of bacterial pneumonia. When the abscess erodes a major part of the bronchial tube, the patient coughs up large amounts of pus. If the abscesses remain untreated, pus may develop in the cavity around the lungs (pleural cavity).
- Kidney abscess – are commonly a result of infections spreading up from the bladder, they may also result from bacteria carried in the blood from an inflammation of the lining of the heart (endocarditis).
- Liver abscess – may be caused by bacteria in the veins, arteries, and ducts entering the liver. The portal vein, which drains the intestinal tract and goes to the liver, is responsible for most abscesses of the liver.
- Ovarian abscess – often are connected with an infection of the fallopian tube on the same side.